Linux DMA-BUF

Factory for creating dmabuf-based wl_buffers

Following the interfaces from: https://www.khronos.org/registry/egl/extensions/EXT/EGL_EXT_image_dma_buf_import.txt https://www.khronos.org/registry/EGL/extensions/EXT/EGL_EXT_image_dma_buf_import_modifiers.txt and the Linux DRM sub-system's AddFb2 ioctl.

This interface offers ways to create generic dmabuf-based wl_buffers. Immediately after a client binds to this interface, the set of supported formats and format modifiers is sent with 'format' and 'modifier' events.

The following are required from clients:

- Clients must ensure that either all data in the dma-buf is coherent for all subsequent read access or that coherency is correctly handled by the underlying kernel-side dma-buf implementation.

- Don't make any more attachments after sending the buffer to the compositor. Making more attachments later increases the risk of the compositor not being able to use (re-import) an existing dmabuf-based wl_buffer.

The underlying graphics stack must ensure the following:

- The dmabuf file descriptors relayed to the server will stay valid for the whole lifetime of the wl_buffer. This means the server may at any time use those fds to import the dmabuf into any kernel sub-system that might accept it.

However, when the underlying graphics stack fails to deliver the promise, because of e.g. a device hot-unplug which raises internal errors, after the wl_buffer has been successfully created the compositor must not raise protocol errors to the client when dmabuf import later fails.

To create a wl_buffer from one or more dmabufs, a client creates a zwp_linux_dmabuf_params_v1 object with a zwp_linux_dmabuf_v1.create_params request. All planes required by the intended format are added with the 'add' request. Finally, a 'create' or 'create_immed' request is issued, which has the following outcome depending on the import success.

The 'create' request, - on success, triggers a 'created' event which provides the final wl_buffer to the client. - on failure, triggers a 'failed' event to convey that the server cannot use the dmabufs received from the client.

For the 'create_immed' request, - on success, the server immediately imports the added dmabufs to create a wl_buffer. No event is sent from the server in this case. - on failure, the server can choose to either: - terminate the client by raising a fatal error. - mark the wl_buffer as failed, and send a 'failed' event to the client. If the client uses a failed wl_buffer as an argument to any request, the behaviour is compositor implementation-defined.

Warning! The protocol described in this file is experimental and backward incompatible changes may be made. Backward compatible changes may be added together with the corresponding interface version bump. Backward incompatible changes are done by bumping the version number in the protocol and interface names and resetting the interface version. Once the protocol is to be declared stable, the 'z' prefix and the version number in the protocol and interface names are removed and the interface version number is reset.

destroy()
Unbind the factory

Objects created through this interface, especially wl_buffers, will remain valid.

create_params(params_id: new_id<zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1>)
Argument
Type
Description
params_idnew_id<zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1>
the new temporary
Create a temporary object for buffer parameters

This temporary object is used to collect multiple dmabuf handles into a single batch to create a wl_buffer. It can only be used once and should be destroyed after a 'created' or 'failed' event has been received.

format(format: uint)
Argument
Type
Description
formatuint
DRM_FORMAT code
Supported buffer format

This event advertises one buffer format that the server supports. All the supported formats are advertised once when the client binds to this interface. A roundtrip after binding guarantees that the client has received all supported formats.

For the definition of the format codes, see the zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1::create request.

Warning: the 'format' event is likely to be deprecated and replaced with the 'modifier' event introduced in zwp_linux_dmabuf_v1 version 3, described below. Please refrain from using the information received from this event.

modifier(format: uint, modifier_hi: uint, modifier_lo: uint)
Argument
Type
Description
formatuint
DRM_FORMAT code
modifier_hiuint
high 32 bits of layout modifier
modifier_louint
low 32 bits of layout modifier
Supported buffer format modifier

This event advertises the formats that the server supports, along with the modifiers supported for each format. All the supported modifiers for all the supported formats are advertised once when the client binds to this interface. A roundtrip after binding guarantees that the client has received all supported format-modifier pairs.

For legacy support, DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID (that is, modifier_hi == 0x00ffffff and modifier_lo == 0xffffffff) is allowed in this event. It indicates that the server can support the format with an implicit modifier. When a plane has DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID as its modifier, it is as if no explicit modifier is specified. The effective modifier will be derived from the dmabuf.

A compositor that sends valid modifiers and DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID for a given format supports both explicit modifiers and implicit modifiers.

For the definition of the format and modifier codes, see the zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1::create and zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1::add requests.


Parameters for creating a dmabuf-based wl_buffer

This temporary object is a collection of dmabufs and other parameters that together form a single logical buffer. The temporary object may eventually create one wl_buffer unless cancelled by destroying it before requesting 'create'.

Single-planar formats only require one dmabuf, however multi-planar formats may require more than one dmabuf. For all formats, an 'add' request must be called once per plane (even if the underlying dmabuf fd is identical).

You must use consecutive plane indices ('plane_idx' argument for 'add') from zero to the number of planes used by the drm_fourcc format code. All planes required by the format must be given exactly once, but can be given in any order. Each plane index can be set only once.

destroy()
Delete this object, used or not

Cleans up the temporary data sent to the server for dmabuf-based wl_buffer creation.

add(fd: fd, plane_idx: uint, offset: uint, stride: uint, modifier_hi: uint, modifier_lo: uint)
Argument
Type
Description
fdfd
dmabuf fd
plane_idxuint
plane index
offsetuint
offset in bytes
strideuint
stride in bytes
modifier_hiuint
high 32 bits of layout modifier
modifier_louint
low 32 bits of layout modifier
Add a dmabuf to the temporary set

This request adds one dmabuf to the set in this zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1.

The 64-bit unsigned value combined from modifier_hi and modifier_lo is the dmabuf layout modifier. DRM AddFB2 ioctl calls this the fb modifier, which is defined in drm_mode.h of Linux UAPI. This is an opaque token. Drivers use this token to express tiling, compression, etc. driver-specific modifications to the base format defined by the DRM fourcc code.

Warning: It should be an error if the format/modifier pair was not advertised with the modifier event. This is not enforced yet because some implementations always accept DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID. Also version 2 of this protocol does not have the modifier event.

This request raises the PLANE_IDX error if plane_idx is too large. The error PLANE_SET is raised if attempting to set a plane that was already set.

create(width: int, height: int, format: uint, flags: uint<zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1.flags>)
Argument
Type
Description
widthint
base plane width in pixels
heightint
base plane height in pixels
formatuint
DRM_FORMAT code
flagsuint<zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1.flags>
see enum flags
Create a wl_buffer from the given dmabufs

This asks for creation of a wl_buffer from the added dmabuf buffers. The wl_buffer is not created immediately but returned via the 'created' event if the dmabuf sharing succeeds. The sharing may fail at runtime for reasons a client cannot predict, in which case the 'failed' event is triggered.

The 'format' argument is a DRM_FORMAT code, as defined by the libdrm's drm_fourcc.h. The Linux kernel's DRM sub-system is the authoritative source on how the format codes should work.

The 'flags' is a bitfield of the flags defined in enum "flags". 'y_invert' means the that the image needs to be y-flipped.

Flag 'interlaced' means that the frame in the buffer is not progressive as usual, but interlaced. An interlaced buffer as supported here must always contain both top and bottom fields. The top field always begins on the first pixel row. The temporal ordering between the two fields is top field first, unless 'bottom_first' is specified. It is undefined whether 'bottom_first' is ignored if 'interlaced' is not set.

This protocol does not convey any information about field rate, duration, or timing, other than the relative ordering between the two fields in one buffer. A compositor may have to estimate the intended field rate from the incoming buffer rate. It is undefined whether the time of receiving wl_surface.commit with a new buffer attached, applying the wl_surface state, wl_surface.frame callback trigger, presentation, or any other point in the compositor cycle is used to measure the frame or field times. There is no support for detecting missed or late frames/fields/buffers either, and there is no support whatsoever for cooperating with interlaced compositor output.

The composited image quality resulting from the use of interlaced buffers is explicitly undefined. A compositor may use elaborate hardware features or software to deinterlace and create progressive output frames from a sequence of interlaced input buffers, or it may produce substandard image quality. However, compositors that cannot guarantee reasonable image quality in all cases are recommended to just reject all interlaced buffers.

Any argument errors, including non-positive width or height, mismatch between the number of planes and the format, bad format, bad offset or stride, may be indicated by fatal protocol errors: INCOMPLETE, INVALID_FORMAT, INVALID_DIMENSIONS, OUT_OF_BOUNDS.

Dmabuf import errors in the server that are not obvious client bugs are returned via the 'failed' event as non-fatal. This allows attempting dmabuf sharing and falling back in the client if it fails.

This request can be sent only once in the object's lifetime, after which the only legal request is destroy. This object should be destroyed after issuing a 'create' request. Attempting to use this object after issuing 'create' raises ALREADY_USED protocol error.

It is not mandatory to issue 'create'. If a client wants to cancel the buffer creation, it can just destroy this object.

create_immed(buffer_id: new_id<wl_buffer>, width: int, height: int, format: uint, flags: uint<zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1.flags>)
Argument
Type
Description
buffer_idnew_id<wl_buffer>
id for the newly created wl_buffer
widthint
base plane width in pixels
heightint
base plane height in pixels
formatuint
DRM_FORMAT code
flagsuint<zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1.flags>
see enum flags
Immediately create a wl_buffer from the given dmabufs

This asks for immediate creation of a wl_buffer by importing the added dmabufs.

In case of import success, no event is sent from the server, and the wl_buffer is ready to be used by the client.

Upon import failure, either of the following may happen, as seen fit by the implementation: - the client is terminated with one of the following fatal protocol errors: - INCOMPLETE, INVALID_FORMAT, INVALID_DIMENSIONS, OUT_OF_BOUNDS, in case of argument errors such as mismatch between the number of planes and the format, bad format, non-positive width or height, or bad offset or stride. - INVALID_WL_BUFFER, in case the cause for failure is unknown or plaform specific. - the server creates an invalid wl_buffer, marks it as failed and sends a 'failed' event to the client. The result of using this invalid wl_buffer as an argument in any request by the client is defined by the compositor implementation.

This takes the same arguments as a 'create' request, and obeys the same restrictions.

created(buffer: new_id<wl_buffer>)
Argument
Type
Description
buffernew_id<wl_buffer>
the newly created wl_buffer
Buffer creation succeeded

This event indicates that the attempted buffer creation was successful. It provides the new wl_buffer referencing the dmabuf(s).

Upon receiving this event, the client should destroy the zlinux_dmabuf_params object.

failed()
Buffer creation failed

This event indicates that the attempted buffer creation has failed. It usually means that one of the dmabuf constraints has not been fulfilled.

Upon receiving this event, the client should destroy the zlinux_buffer_params object.

Argument
Value
Description
already_used0
the dmabuf_batch object has already been used to create a wl_buffer
plane_idx1
plane index out of bounds
plane_set2
the plane index was already set
incomplete3
missing or too many planes to create a buffer
invalid_format4
format not supported
invalid_dimensions5
invalid width or height
out_of_bounds6
offset + stride * height goes out of dmabuf bounds
invalid_wl_buffer7
invalid wl_buffer resulted from importing dmabufs via the create_immed request on given buffer_params
Argument
Value
Description
y_invert1
contents are y-inverted
interlaced2
content is interlaced
bottom_first4
bottom field first

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